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Most Chinese State-owned enterprises are not relevant to tra

ade negotiations. Many are in non-tradable sectors such as property develop

ment, infrastructure, or concrete. Others are basically public utilities in telecoms or power.

Some Chinese car companies are State-owned, usually by provincial govern

ments, but the car business in China is very highly competitive and foreign brands are very successful.

In any case, the continuing growth of an already large private sector should alleviate foreign concerns

about competing with State-owned companies.

During the George W. Bush administration, the US imposed tarif

fs on Chinese steel, arguing that State-owned companies had an unfair advantage. But, US ste

el companies also face higher costs because of increased environmental protection. China’s current emphasis on bu

ilding an “ecological civilization” means that that kind of polluting heavy industry will be less viable.

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He underscored the importance of information technol

ogy to the country and people, and called for propelling the development of cloud computing, big data, artificial intell

igence and the industrial internet in a bid to advance the building of a digital China and a smart society.

He also said more work is needed to promote the integration and sharing of infor

mation resources between urban and rural areas to narrow digital gaps and unleash the vitality of digital sectors.

Zhuang Rongwen, head of the Cyberspace Administration of China, said enterprises are being encouraged to ramp up inve

stments and make breakthroughs in core technologies, and to make full use of international innovative resources.

Zhuang also called for speeding up the commercialization of 5G a

nd the deployment of the Internet Protocol version 6 network, as well as pushing forw

ard the digital economy so as to cultivate new driving forces and promote high-quality development.

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Using a variety of advanced technologies-augmente

 reality, artificial intelligence, virtual reality and human-computer interaction-scenes are create

d based on ancient Chinese classics, such as the Classic of Mountains and Seas, in which mythical an

imals appear in forests, lightning flashes, thunder rumbles, wind blows and rain pours.

Visitors can experience primeval nature in a part of the exhibition developed by the Beijing World Horticultural Expo Co

ordination Bureau and the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Automation.

In addition, visitors can experience what it’s like to ride in an autonomous vehicle. Three driv

erless vehicles developed by Baidu-two with eight seats and one with four seats-offer rides in the park.

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Fixed-asset investment growth was 6.3 percent in the first

 quarter, compared with 6.1 percent in the first two months, the National Bureau of Statistics reported.

As favorable policies are implemented at all levels of government in the sec

ond quarter, manufacturers will start seeing concrete financial benefits and industrial out

put is expected to at least maintain a steady expansion from April to June, said Qin H

ailin, a senior industrial economy researcher at the China Center for Information Industry Development.

At the news conference, ministry officials also denied market rumors that China’s telecom carrie

rs are slowing down their investments in 5G, the fifth-generation mobile communication technology.

They said 5G is recognized as a fundamental digital infrastructu

re for societal and economic development, but it will take time to build a nationwide 5G netw

ork. China’s plan is to roll out the superfast technology step by step, the officials said.

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Much work remains in Sino-US trade negotiations

China and the United States have made new progress in negotiating the text of an econom

ic and trade deal, but much work remains to be done, the Ministry of Commerce said on Thursday.

Negotiating teams from the two countries are hashing out the text of the deal, including

an enforcement mechanism, on the basis of mutual respect and benefit, said Gao Feng, ministry spokesman.

The remarks came as the world’s two biggest economies have been i

ntensifying their consultations and aiming to break the deadlock in a timely manner.

In the most recent round of trade consultations, the negotiators discussed technolo

gy transfers, protection of intellectual property rights, nontariff measures, the service sector, agriculture, tra

de imbalances and enforcement mechanisms, according to earlier reports.

The American Chamber of Commerce in China said in a recent white paper that the US business commu

nity in China, long an advocate of good bilateral relations, can no longer be relied on to be a positive anchor.

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nd Turkey, disruptions to the auto sector occurre

rred in Germany, and financial tightening in larger adva

nced economies have all contributed to a “significantly wea

kened global expansion”, said IMF Chief Economist Gita Gopinath.

“With this weakness expected to persist into the first half of 2019, o

ur new World Economic Outlook projects a slowdown in g

rowth in 2019 for 70 percent of the world economy,” she wrote in a blog on Tuesday.

With improved prospects for the second half of 2019, global growth in 2

020 is projected to return to the 2018 level of 3.6 percent, according to the IMF report.

“This recovery is precarious and predicated to reboun

d in emerging markets and developing economies, wher

e growth is projected to increase from 4.4 percent in 2019 to 4.8 percent in 2020,” Gopinath said.

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Third, there is a serious focus on education overall. Ove

 the past five years, China has built or expanded 260,000 primary and secondary schools, added 1.7 million teache

rs and increased the student body by 27.3 million. The Ministry of Education committed more resources last y

ear to poverty-stricken areas to ensure every child is able to attend school by 2020.

Beyond easing dire poverty in rural areas, China has an ongoing pa

rallel policy to build a moderately prosperous society by 2020, a crucial aspect of which is set

ting up a basic social security system. This has been done progressively since the 1980s.

China also has had several social insurance programs since the 1990s, covering unemployment, employment injury, mat

ernity, medical care and pension. The country subsequently embarked on a new and successful phase of so

cial security development to provide healthcare benefits to rural and nonworking urban residents.

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As the new area will be built to the highest standards, ther

will be significant demand for top-quality goods and services,” he told China Daily.

Noting that many European companies are renowned for their innovation and reliability, Bagnasco said that “there shou

ld be plenty of business to be done” in Xiongan. In June, Mats Harborn, chamber president, paid a visit to Xiongan and wa

s received by Chen Gang, vice-governor of Hebei province and director of Xiongan’s management committee.

Chen said he hopes the chamber will take an active role in such areas as green developm

ent, intelligent technologies and innovation in Xiongan, an official news release from the new area said.

“The EU Chamber of Commerce in China has been building relationships in Xiongan for some time now, and the me

eting in June was just one part of that,” Bagnasco said, adding that the meeting was a good opportunity to furt

her develop relationships and deal with more concrete matters, such as specific investment mechanisms.

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The study shows that 40 out the 46 infants studied receive

nursing from one or more females other than their mothers. And 22 out of 46 infants were nursed by two or more females.

Four of the six infants who did not suckle from another female died during winter, whi

le only six of the 40 infants who received allomaternal nursing died, the study said.

Xiang said it comes at a great cost for golden snub-nosed monkeys to nurse infants

that are not their own since breastfeeding is one of the most energy-consuming things a mammal can do.

The behavior likely arose in close kinship-based groups in whic

h shared care helped the infants survive in the harsh, unpredictable environments, he said.

Such collaborative behavior was necessary in the early evolutionary age of hum

ans, so the study also provides a new perspective on human evolution study, Xiang said.

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It is advisable to pursue an innovation-driven, well-coordi

inated and inter-connected, and fair and inclusive approach and forge a growth

model of vitality, a cooperation model of openness and win-win results, and a developm

ent model of balance and common benefits, so that people from across the world could share the benefits of economic globalization, Xi said.

This year marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Wang said.

During his visit, Xi, based on China’s just-concluded Two Sessions earlier this month, illu

strated to the European leaders the fine performances of the Chinese economy which had overcome multiple challenges in 2018.

Wang said Xi also introduced the newly-adopted foreign investment law, emphasizi

ng that it is necessary to use legal means to better protect intellectual property rights and attract foreign investment.

Xi pointed out that China will continue to push forward all-round reform and opening-up, promote trade and investment

liberalization and facilitation, so that European friends can better share China’s development opportunities.

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