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上海品茶会所

China has to walk a fine balance between local govern

nment debt management and stable economic growth, especially at a time when trade te

nsions with the United States have imposed more downward pressure, said economists.

More financial resources and investors will be involved in the debt resolution process, said Qiao Baoyun, head of the Acad

emy of Public Finance and Public Policy at the Central University of Finance and Economics.

The last round of local government debt swaps started in 2015 and ended in August 2018, w

hich saw 14.34 trillion yuan ($2.08 trillion) of local government debt being swapped into bonds.

Local governments are set to face more debt burden in the next three ye

ars, as many of the previously issued bonds are set to expire, income from land sales has

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Intensified law enforcement also benefits overseas ent

erprises in China. Last year, intellectual property authorities punished violators in more

than 6,000 cases of infringing on rights of trademark registrants from overseas, with a t

otal value of 151 million yuan ($22 million), an increase of 50.1 percent over the previous year, the report said.

An agreement to support young scholars’ research into the Silk Road was signed between China and UNESCO during a ses

sion of the Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations in Beijing on Wednesday.

Under the agreement, an international academic program will be launched with funding of $1 mill

ion from the Chinese government to scholars under 35 years of age from around the world.

Hosted by the Ministry of Education and UNESCO, the session – entitled “Safeguardin

g the Diversity of Asian Civilizations” – focused on cultural interactions among Asian people and disc

ussed challenges in terms of revitalizing the multiple cultures of Asian countries and regions.

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Digital tech applications creating jobs for women, engineer

merging jobs related to the digital economy have been and are expected to continue gro

wing quickly in China as digital technology is applied in more fields, said a senior executive from LinkedIn.

New media operators, front-end development engineers, algori

thm engineers, user interface designers, and data analysts were the top five profes

sions with the fastest growing number of practitioners in China on the US-based professional networking site fro

m 2013 to 2017, said Lu Jian, president of LinkedIn China in an exclusive interview with China Daily.

“Digital economy, which has become part of the national strategy, is just unfolding in the country. It won’t surprise us if such jobs con

tinue to draw employees of both genders and in both urban and rural areas in the coming years,” Lu said.

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producers or US-based designers. For example, China ma

akes less than $9 from each iPhone. The total price of a phone is ridiculously counted as a Chinese export to the US.

It’s a good thing that China is no longer a low-wage country. Most Chinese are much better off than they were even 10 ye

ars ago. But it does mean that these low-skilled, labor-intensive industries will be moving to less-developed nations. US t

ariffs on such products will only serve to hasten the transition to higher value-added industries that China has to make anyway.

Roughly 20 years ago, when China’s admission to the World Trade Organiz

ation was being negotiated, China’s economy was tiny as a portion of world GDP. It was clearly a poor, less-deve

loped country that, except in a few areas, was not able to compete with Western companies in high-value-added products.

As Alexander Hamilton, the first US Treasury secretary, argued, a dev

eloping country may need to protect its “infant industries” from already established foreign

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Now that it has reached middle-income status, China’s eco

nomic strategy will focus on creating a highly competitive domestic market that forces com

panies to produce high-value goods so they can pay high wages to highly skilled people.

Because of its long experience in manufacturing, much of tha

t push will be focused on higher value-added production, using the new technologies of r

obotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and 5G. This is the only way to avoid the middle-income trap.

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kinds of market-driven reforms

needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research and development, but it sho

uld be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

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Using a variety of advanced technologies-augmente

 reality, artificial intelligence, virtual reality and human-computer interaction-scenes are create

d based on ancient Chinese classics, such as the Classic of Mountains and Seas, in which mythical an

imals appear in forests, lightning flashes, thunder rumbles, wind blows and rain pours.

Visitors can experience primeval nature in a part of the exhibition developed by the Beijing World Horticultural Expo Co

ordination Bureau and the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Automation.

In addition, visitors can experience what it’s like to ride in an autonomous vehicle. Three driv

erless vehicles developed by Baidu-two with eight seats and one with four seats-offer rides in the park.

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He noted that since the first Belt and Road Forum for

 International Cooperation two years ago, more countries and inter

national organizations have joined in the construction of the Belt and Road.

So far, 125 countries and 29 international organiz

ations have signed BRI cooperation documents with China, according to Lu.

Among them are 16 Central and Eastern European countries and Gr

eece. Italy and Luxembourg signed cooperation agreements with China last month to join

tly build the Belt and Road. Jamaica also signed similar agreements on Thursday.

During Premier Li Keqiang’s European visit last week, both sides agreed to seek greate

r synergy between the BRI and the European Union’s strategy for connecting with Asia.

Yang Jiechi, director of the Office of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the Comm

unist Party of China Central Committee, said last month that representatives of more than 100 coun

tries, including about 40 foreign leaders, have confirmed their attendance at the Beijing forum.

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The school established an AI research institute in Decem

ber 2017 for graduate students. Many instructors at the school are working on AI-related res

earch so there will be no problem finding capable teachers for the new students, Lin said.

China’s booming AI industry has resulted in a growing demand for tal

ent. It is common for students in AI-related fields to have

already committed to companies before they even graduate and enter the job market, he said.

Master’s graduates majoring in AI can easily find jobs with salaries over 300,000 y

uan ($44,700) per year, and salaries for doctoral graduates are even higher, he said.

Chinese universities are catching up with their counterparts in the United

States in terms of basic research in AI and the numbe

r of published papers, yet they still lag behind in transforming research into application, he added.

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Besides the successful capture of the first black

k hole image, two earlier detections of gravitational waves from

black hole mergers also were products of international collaboration.

In February 2016, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory in the United States announ

ced the first observation of gravitational waves generated by a black hole merger. The following June, it annou

nced the second detection of a gravitational wave event from colliding black holes.

Wu said Tianqin has potential for even greater discoveries.

“LIGO used interferometers on the ground with an arm length of 4 km. But with satellites, the arm length will increas

e to 170,000 km. So the space-based probes (enabled by Tianqin) will be able to detect gravitational waves at much l

ower frequencies generated by the merging of massive or supermassive black holes,” he said.

“It will also enable us to see the smaller black holes during the infancy of the universe, as w

ell as understand the history of black hole growth and the evolution of galaxies,” he said

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sees big growth in Marcha supermarket in Lianyungang

China’s consumer price index (CPI), a main gauge of inflation, rose 2.3 p

ercent year-on-year in March, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said Thursday.

The increase was up from 1.5 percent in February.

Food prices climbed 4.1 percent year-on-year in March, up from 0.7 perc

ent in February, yet on a month-on-month basis food prices went down 0.9 percent, the NBS said.

Due to low vegetable yields in spring and cold rainy weather, prices of fresh vegetables posted a fast growth of 16.2 perce

nt year-on year in March, contributing 0.42 percentage points to the year-on-year CPI growth.

The growth of the pork price rebounded after declining for 25 consecutive months, rising 5.1 percent year-on-year in March.

On a month-on-month basis, the pork price moderately went up 1.2 percent on average nati

onwide as outbreaks of African swine fever were gradually contained, according to the NBS.

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